What Is The Most Populous City On The Mediterranean?

So many cities are located around the Mediterranean Sea. It’s no surprise so many people choose to live and go on holiday there. But what is the most populous city on the Mediterranean, and how many people live there?

What Is The Most Populous City On The Mediterranean

The most populous city lies on the southern coast of the Mediterranean, with Alexandria in Egypt taking the top spot. It’s the second largest city in Egypt, and an estimated 5,381,000 people live there.

But let’s take a closer look at Alexandria, and find out what cities follow closely behind it to become the most populous.


Alexandria is the second largest city in Egypt and the largest on the Mediterranean sea. Home to roughly 5.3 million people, Alexandria was founded by Alexander the Great in 331 BC. 

Over the centuries, Alexandria has grown, and it held several significant landmarks in the Ancient world. No doubt you’ve heard of the Library of Alexandria, but it was also home to the Lighthouse of Alexandria and the Necropolis. While the Lighthouse of Alexandria and the Library of Alexandria didn’t survive past their ancient days, Alexandria is still famous for its history. 

Nowadays, it’s become a popular tourist destination as it has a much more relaxed atmosphere when compared to Cairo. Due to being a Mediterranean port city, it has incredible waterfront views, as 32 kilometers of coastline stretches along the city (Check out What Is The Busiest Mediterranean Cruise Port?). 

Alexandria is known for its arts and culture. While the Library of Alexandria may have burned down, it doesn’t mean the appreciation is gone. You can visit the ruins or Bibliotheca.

Even if you’re not a fan of libraries, there’s so much street art around and thriving cafe culture, so you can relax while you explore the city.


Algiers is the capital of Algeria and the largest city in the country. It is located on the western side of the Mediterranean Sea and has an estimated population of 4.5 million.

Numerous buildings in the modern side of the city are built on level ground that lays past the shore, while the ancient city lies behind a steep hill that the Casbah crowns.

The Casbah is one of UNESCO’s World Heritage Sites, and it’s a recommended trip, especially if you have a guide with you. There are so many renovated spaces around the medina, but it’s always best to travel with someone who knows the area well and reputable tour operators. Overall, Algiers is a reasonably safe place to travel around during the day, but not so much later at night. 

Unfortunately, in the 90s, Algiers was an area targeted for political demonstrations. Since then, it’s still been a site at risk for terrorist activities, as several groups are still operating around the country. In spite of that, Algiers is still a beautiful city to visit and one of the most significant trading hubs in Africa. 

While Algiers may seem dangerous, you can still safely explore the city if you take the necessary safety precautions. 


Rome is one of the most beautiful cities in Italy, one of the most populated cities in the European Union and on the Mediterranean. It may surprise you that the Metropolitan City of Rome is distinct from Rome itself. The metropolis is the home of an estimated 4.3 million people, covering several capital districts.

Rome is home to a history of vibrant culture, even having its own independent country: Vatican City, inside the city boundaries. The city is the Vatican’s headquarters and the Catholic Church’s home. Due to this, it is regarded as the cradle of Western civilization and Christian culture. 

You can find centuries of history in Rome, which is why it’s also referred to as the Eternal City. It has a physical record of its diverse periods, but it all merges to create Rome as it is today.

Throughout history, the architecture of the Romans has been regarded as some of the best. So many people go to the Colosseum, the Pantheon, and the largest amphitheater in the world. Of course, these are only a few different sights you can find in Rome.

Rome is not only home to history and architecture, but Italian cuisine is highly recommended worldwide. There are a variety of pasta dishes and pizzas to try, so make sure you don’t forget to try out these delicious dishes while exploring the distinct architecture of Rome. 

See also: Why Are Italian Houses So Close Together?

More Populous Cities On The Mediterranean

More Populous Cities On The Mediterranean

Alexandria, Algiers, and Rome are the three most populous cities on the Mediterranean Sea, but there are also many more. After all, the Mediterranean is surrounded by 22 different countries on three different continents. After all, you need to consider Southern Europe, North Africa, and Western Asia. 

Many cities are still growing, thanks to increased international trade and population growth. But what other major Mediterranean cities should you keep an eye out for?


Izmir is the third most populous city in Turkey, as well as the capital of the Turkish province of Anatolia. It is home to an estimated 4.3 million people and is one of the primary mercantile cities of the Mediterranean Sea. 


Beirut is the capital of Lebanon and is located at the center of the country’s coast. As one of the world’s oldest cities, it holds an estimated population of 2.4 million. You’ll also find that Beirut is also a significant Lebanese seaport and a corporate hub for the country’s economy.

There are many more populated areas on the Mediterranean, including Tripoli, Mersin, Barcelona, Antalya, and Nice. While not all of these cities are the largest in their country, they all share their location on the Mediterranean coastline. 

Final Thoughts

Alexandria is the most populous city on the Mediterranean, with a vibrant culture and history. The Mediterranean is home to 22 countries and three continents.

While Alexandria is the most populous, there are many more cities to explore. If you want to travel to Mediterranean cities, you may find that you’ll be spoilt for choice!

Andrea Arthur